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Solvent (European) process – 11Aug22

Technically speaking, all of the processes are solvent-based, since a solvent merely refers to a substance that is capable of dissolving another substance. However, in this field the common usage is to use the terms “solvent” or “chemical solvent” to refer to the process that uses either methylene chloride (dichloromethane) or ethyl acetate. There are two ways in which solvents are used to remove caffeine from coffee: a direct process, and an indirect process. The steps are essentially the same whether methylene chloride or ethyl acetate is used.
In the direct process, the beans first are steamed, which causes them to swell and become somewhat more permeable. The beans are then put into contact with the solvent, under pressure, for a specified period of time, which will, by and large, selectively extract the caffeine. The solvent is then processed to remove the caffeine, and can be reused for the next batch. The beans are usually steamed again after treatment in order to remove the remaining solvent.
In the indirect process, the beans are soaked in hot water, which removes almost all of the soluble compounds, including the caffeine. The water is drained off and mixed with the solvent, which bonds with the water. The solvent/caffeine mixture, less dense than the water, floats to the surface where it can be removed. The water and beans are mixed together, and the beans soak up most of the lost flavors.
Ethyl acetate is a substance that occurs naturally in many fruits and other foods, thereby earning the “natural” label, and it is is marketed towards those who are concerned that methylene chloride may have adverse health effects. Note that although ethyl acetate occurs in nature, the substance used for decaffeination likely has an industrial origin, thereby undercutting the “natural” appellation. The US Food and Drug Administration has labeled ethyl acetate as “Generally Recognized as Safe ” (GRAS).
The dangers of methylene chloride decaffeination are widely debated: the World Health Organization found the main toxic effects of the chemical itself (without evaluating the decaffeination process) to be reversible central nervous system depression and carboxyhaemaglobin formation. Additional effects reported were liver and renal dysfunctions, hematological effects, and neurophysiological and neurobehavioral disturbances. The studies were not able to make definitive conclusions regarding any links between methylene chloride exposure and cardiovascular disease or cancer. (The WHO Environmental Health Criteria Series, volume 164.)
However, processing virtually eliminates any residual solvent content, and levels cannot exceed regulated levels. Methylene chloride evaporates at 104 degrees F (40 degrees C), and so would not survive the roasting process.Though the chemical itself may be dangerous, there do not appear to be any tests that found residual methylene chloride in decaffeinated coffee, and it is also GRAS for this purpose.


Tourists and residents of Manila travel out of town to the north on a short getaway look for the best place in Clark for rest and relaxation.

Companies, even organizers, wedding planners and families are looking for Resorts and beaches near Manila for events and retreats. Frequently visited destinations for vacation spots this summer in Philippines are found in Angeles City, Clark, Pampanga, which is very accessible from Manila, Subic and Cebu.

Frequent travelers and visitors staying in Angeles City Pampanga Clark Philippines look for restaurants, coffee shops, bars, pubs, hotels and resorts in Clark that offer free internet connection to guests. There are some highly recommended places in Clark that offer good WIFI internet services.

Where to go in Clark? Hotel Clark Philippines is a De Luxe Hotel in Clark and Subic, a risk free place to stay, cozy and nice ambience, a nice function place for special occasion

You might want to check also the Yats Restaurant is the best restaurant for special dinner, best restaurant for dinner with friends near Manila, also the best place to celebrate special events.

Famous Restaurant in Pampanga, a place to dine with friends in Clark, cozy restaurant with a nice ambience, a nice function place for special occassions

Are you looking for an attractive restaurant or a nice place to eat with friends in Clark, Angeles City Pampanga? Yats Restaurant and Wine Bar is a restaurant with good food and good wines for dinner located at Clark Angeles City Pampanga. Perfect for exclusive dinner venues for groups, recommended for private dinner in Philippines. A Restaurant in Clark for business dinner meeting. Private dinner place or dinner restaurant in Clark Subic Near Manila Angeles City Pampanga. Yats Restaurant is one of the Good Restaurant in Pampanga Angeles City Clark near Manila.

Yats Restaurant and Wine Bar has its own special attraction for January 2010. Featured on the “special” menu are luxurious items that are guaranteed to make the dinners memorable. Saturdays in January are BYOB dinners which means that wine lovers can bring their own bottles to dine at Yats Restaurant without being charged corkage. BYO (Bring Your Own) is a special theme of Yats Restaurant which offers the biggest selection of fine and everyday wines anywhere in Asia.

Looking for a party venue in town?
Clearwater Resort and Country Club is one of the ideal venues for birthday party because it is a risk free venue. Not only Birthday Parties but also a good place to enjoy family reunion. A good place to celebrate special occasions. Clearwater Resort and Country Club is one of the resorts in Subic Clark Angeles City Pampanga or near Manila with activity amenities, place that are nice for celebration.

This web site contains articles and information that will be helpful to visitors, residents and tourists traveling out of town from Manila on a short getaway to Subic, Angeles City, Pampanga and Clark Philippines. There are several web sites that contain information that might also be pertinent to what is happening in North Luzon, Subic, Tarlac, Pampanga, Clark Freeport Philippines.

Looking for interesting hotels near Manila Subic Clark Angeles City Pampanga?
Trouble free hotels and well recognized hotels in Subic Clark Angeles City Pampanga
Clearwater Resort and Country Club offers a good place to stay in Subic Clark Angeles City Pampanga. In offers nice place to have rest in Subic Pampanga outside Manila.
One of the Philippines top hotels in north Luzon.

Wedding couples looking for wedding reception venues and beach wedding venues can log on to this Philippines Wedding Venue web site for free information and assistance:

Yats International Leisure Philippines

For assistance with lodgings, accommodations, hotels and resorts near Manila in Subic, Pampanga, Angels City and Clark Philippines log on to

While in Clark, one might as well add to the itinerary a visit to the famous Clark Wine Center, the largest wine shop in Philippines which offers over 2000 selections of fine vintage wine from all wine regions, vintages spanning over 50 years covering all price ranges.

If this article about Clark is useful to you, please click here to contact us to tell us what more you wish to know about this article or Clark Philippines, which can be something about Clark investment, about Clark resorts, about Clark Swimming and Leisure or simply general news about Clark.

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Monday, August 22, 2011 About Coffee




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